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An essential read, written by a leading expert, for anyone who wants to understand young people's use of social media What is new about how teenagers communicate through services such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram? Do social media affect the quality of teens’ lives? In this eye-opening book, youth culture and technology expert danah boyd uncovers some of the major myAn essential read, written by a leading expert, for anyone who wants to understand young people's use of social media What is new about how teenagers communicate through services such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram? Do social media affect the quality of teens’ lives? In this eye-opening book, youth culture and technology expert danah boyd uncovers some of the major myths regarding teens' use of social media. She explores tropes about identity, privacy, safety, danger, and bullying. Ultimately, boyd argues that society fails young people when paternalism and protectionism hinder teenagers’ ability to become informed, thoughtful, and engaged citizens through their online interactions. Yet despite an environment of rampant fear-mongering, boyd finds that teens often find ways to engage and to develop a sense of identity. Boyd’s conclusions are essential reading not only for parents, teachers, and others who work with teens but also for anyone interested in the impact of emerging technologies on society, culture, and commerce in years to come. Offering insights gleaned from more than a decade of original fieldwork interviewing teenagers across the United States, boyd concludes reassuringly that the kids are all right. At the same time, she acknowledges that coming to terms with life in a networked era is not easy or obvious. In a technologically mediated world, life is bound to be complicated....

Title : It's Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens
Author :
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ISBN : 9780300166316
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 296 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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It's Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens Reviews

  • Joe Sabado
    2019-05-13 04:47

    This is a must-read book for anyone interested in understanding how teens and young adults use social media. Based on years of research and interviews. Dr boyd cuts through the extreme views (dystopian/utopian) and provides a sensible perspective based on her conversations from teens who actually use these applications and not from theories. I like how Dr boyd interweaves the teens interviews, her personal experience and other research.

  • Kevin Hodgson
    2019-05-11 04:33

    I am going to check in here now and then as I read this book by the fabulous researcher, danah boyd. Her extensive research and background in social media and the lives of teenagers should make for an interesting read. As a father, and a teacher, and someone who tries to harness technology for storytelling and writing and composing, I am always intrigued by what kids are doing, or not doing, or doing without thinking of what they are doing. I am hopeful that boyd's work will shed some light for me and for others.

  • Nelson Zagalo
    2019-05-07 11:26

    O livro de Danah Boyd, "It's Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens", teve grande impacto quando saiu. Na altura marquei-o para ler, mas fui adiando porque do que fui lendo, dizia pouco que me surpreende-se. Agora que o li, e continuando a dizer que não traz nada novo, se visto como livro de divulgação de ciência, acho que traz algo novo, mas mais importante que isso, algo imensamente relevante para a sociedade geral. O discurso sobre as tecnologias e os adolescentes nos media e numa grande parte da cultura que se vai produzindo está completamente desfasado da realidade. Aliás esse desfasamento é tão grande que se alguém parasse para tentar lê-lo com sentido, veria a sua esquizofrenia, já que por um lado diz que os adolescente são muito precoces com as tecnologias, mas por outro lado são muito ingénuos com a sua privacidade e com os perigos que correm. E é exatamente este discurso feito de mitos que Dana Boyd desmonta ao longo de todo o livro. Boyd não é apenas uma professora universitária, fechada na redoma da academia, o facto de trabalhar numa das mais relevantes empresas de tecnologia, a Microsoft, como investigadora social principal, dá-lhe uma experiência ímpar ao juntar os dois lados: a academia e suas metodologias; e a indústria e suas tecnologias. Boyd conhece os adolescentes, porque os estudou de modo metódico ao longo de anos, mas conhece também todas as tecnologias que esses adolescentes usam, por dentro. A metodologia seguida por Boyd:“To get at teens’ practices, I crisscrossed the United States from 2005 to 2012, talking with and observing teens from eighteen states and a wide array of socioeconomic and ethnic communities. I spent countless hours observing teens through the traces they left online via social network sites, blogs, and other genres of social media. I hung out with teens in physical spaces like schools, public parks, malls, churches, and fast food restaurants.To dive deeper into particular issues, I conducted 166 formal, semistructured interviews with teens during the period 2007–2010.2 I interviewed teens in their homes, at school, and in various public settings. In addition, I talked with parents, teachers, librarians, youth ministers, and others who worked directly with youth. I became an expert on youth culture. In addition, my technical background and experience working with and for technology companies building social media tools gave me firsthand knowledge about how social media was designed, implemented, and introduced to the public. ”O que nos diz Boyd sobre os Nativos Digitais“As sociologist Eszter Hargittai has quipped, many “teens are more likely to be digital naives than digital natives.” Eszter Hargittai “Media narratives often suggest that kids today — those who have grown up with digital technology — are equipped with marvelous new superpowers. Their multitasking skills supposedly astound adults almost as much as their three thousand text messages per month. Meanwhile, the same breathless media reports also warn the public that these kids are vulnerable to unprecedented new dangers: sexual predators, cyberbullying, and myriad forms of intellectual and moral decline, including internet addiction, shrinking attentions spans, decreased literacy, reckless over-sharing, and so on. As with most fears, these anxieties are not without precedent even if they are often overblown and misconstrued. The key to understanding how youth navigate social media is to step away from the headlines—both good and bad—and dive into the more nuanced realities of young people.”E sobre a Identidade e os “contextos colapsados”“Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook, is quoted as having said, “Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lack of integrity.” “Even when teens have a coherent sense of what they deem to be appropriate in a particular setting, their friends and peers do not necessarily share their sense of decorum and norms.” “What makes this especially tricky for teens is that people who hold power over them often believe that they have the right to look, judge, and share, even when their interpretations may be constructed wholly out of context.” “A context collapse occurs when people are forced to grapple simultaneously with otherwise unrelated social contexts that are rooted in different norms and seemingly demand different social responses. For example, some people might find it quite awkward to run into their former high school teacher while drinking with their friends at a bar. These context collapses happen much more frequently in networked publics.”“In Iowa, I ended up casually chatting with a teen girl who was working through her sexuality. She had found a community of other queer girls in a chatroom, and even though she believed that some of them weren’t who they said they were, she found their anonymous advice to be helpful. They gave her pointers to useful websites about coming out, offered stories from their own experiences, and gave her the number of an LGBT-oriented hotline if she ran into any difficulty coming out to her conservative parents. Although she relished the support and validation these strangers gave her, she wasn’t ready to come out yet, and she was petrified that her parents might come across her online chats. She was also concerned that some of her friends from school might find out and tell her parents. She had learned that her computer recorded her browser history in middle school when her parents had used her digital traces to punish her for visiting inappropriate sites. Thus, she carefully erased her history after each visit to the chatroom. She didn’t understand how Facebook seemed to follow her around the web, but she was afraid that somehow the company would find out and post the sites she visited to her Facebook page. In an attempt to deal with this, she used Internet Explorer to visit the chatroom or anything that was LGBT-related while turning to the Chrome browser for maintaining her straight, school-friendly persona. But still, she was afraid that she’d mess up and collapse her different social contexts, accidentally coming out before she was ready. She wanted to maintain discrete contexts but found it extraordinarily difficult to do so. This tension comes up over and over again, particularly with youth who are struggling to make sense of who they are and how they fit into the broader world.” E ainda sobre privacidade:“Just because teenagers use internet sites to connect to other people doesn’t mean they don’t care about their privacy. We don’t tell everybody every single thing about our lives.... So to go ahead and say that teenagers don’t like privacy is pretty ignorant and inconsiderate honestly, I believe, on the adults’ part.”Deixo também algumas conclusões gerais que me parecem sintetizar muito bem todo o espírito do livro:“It is easy to make technology the target of our hopes and anxieties. Newness makes it the perfect punching bag. But one of the hardest—and yet most important—things we as a society must think about in the face of technological change is what has really changed, and what has not (..) “It is much harder to examine broad systemic changes with a critical lens and to place them in historical context than to focus on what is new and disruptive.” “teens are as they have always been, resilient and creative in repurposing technology to fulfill their desires and goals. When they embrace technology, they are imagining new possibilities, asserting control over their lives, and finding ways to be a part of public life. This can be terrifying for those who are intimidated by youth or nervous for them, but it also reveals that, far from being a distraction, social media is providing a vehicle for teens to take ownership over their lives.”O livro está editado em Portugal pela Relógio d’Agua sob o título “É Complicado. As Vidas Sociais dos Adolescentes em Rede” (2015).Publicado no VI

  • Gary Anderson
    2019-05-13 06:28

    The ways teens use social media spawn a lot of myths. Here are a few:• Using social media makes teens vulnerable to bullies and sexual predators.• Many teens are addicted to technology.• The “digital native” generation has intuitive expertise in using technology.• The Internet is an equalizer for disenfranchised social groups.• Google is a more reliable source of information than Wikipedia.Using research, interviews, and common sense to tackle these misperceptions, Danah Boyd’s It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens provides thorough, relevant, and fascinating insights into how adolescents actually engage with social media.Guess what?• Teens are no more vulnerable to bullies and sexual predators online than they are offline.• “Addiction” isn’t an accurate way to describe most adolescent tech usage, and if kids are addicted to anything, it’s their friends, not their phones.• Those described as “digital natives” may have more familiarity with technology, but they do not understand how to use it critically and productively. They need help with that from adults who do know how to make technology work for us.• The Internet doesn’t do a good job of pulling in disenfranchised social groups. (For example, Siri struggles with some Middle Eastern accents and others, and most facial recognition software is less accurate with dark skin tones.)• Wikipedia’s parameters and protocols for posting accurate information far exceed those of Google.As Boyd writes, “[T]he mere existence of new technology neither creates nor magically solves cultural problems. In fact, their construction typically reinforces existing social divisions.” Because adults tend to use technology differently from teens, we blame the phones for causing problems and the kids for being screen-based time-wasters. But maybe the problem isn’t the technology; maybe it’s us.As parents, we put the phones in kids’ hands so that we can communicate with them, but we are also more reluctant these days to let kids wander and play outside, and many kids are scheduled to the nth degree. So with restricted time and roaming ability, how do kids hang out? Online. At night.Many teachers tend to believe the Internet is full of junk information while textbooks and encyclopedias are full of valuable information. So, we restrict the ways students can learn online and require them to use print material, which is no more or less likely to be accurate than online information. Some educators are also less comfortable with asynchronous or “crowdsourced” learning than they are with teacher-centered learning. So, again, the technology is restricted, causing students to go online without the guidance of teachers. That’s a missed opportunity, folks.To be fair, Boyd recognizes that some teens do not handle things well: “Not all youth are doing all right, just as not all adults are. Technology makes the struggles youth face visible, but it neither creates nor prevents harmful things from happening even if it can be a tool for both. It simply mirrors and magnifies many aspects of everyday life, good and bad.”It’s Complicated clarified my thinking on many issues, and I highly recommend it for teachers and parents, especially those in a quandary about how young people interact with social media.The entire book is available online here.Cross-posted on What's Not Wrong?

  • Aaron Maurer
    2019-04-23 03:43

    Coming from a background where I am a huge advocate of student voice and working with students to help them establish a positive digital footprint on social media, I just had to read this book from Danah Boyd. This book was a must read for me to learn more about teens and the implications of social media. I come from the standpoint that social media is here to say no matter what you think about it. The apps and tools will change as things evolve, but the premise of having an online network of friends and people to collaborate with is somethings that many of us cannot fathom not having in our lives.I flagged many passages in this book(if you folllow on Twitter or Instagram you would have seen all the tabs). In the end I think she hits on a key point that as society has evolved from the days where we fended for ourselves and created our own networks of play that adults feared when we hung out on playgrounds, the mall, and other public places to the world of today where every moment is scripted and we would not dare leave our kids out of our sight they have no choice but to create new ways to connect. Social media has filled that void. It gives them a place to be connected. One sentence really stood out to me when she wrote that youth are not addicted to technology, but they are addicted to each other. They just want the same things we wanted as kids, but it is provided in a new way.As an educator I really believe that it is our job as educators and parents to teach the youth. This means that adults need to learn. We need to stop complaining and get over our fears to learn. We need to learn the ins and outs. Youth are digital natives they are digital naive. They can post and like, but they don't understand all the parameters. We need to teach them and provide them a safe place in schools to work through this process. It is one more element that we need to consider.This is a great read. You may not agree with it all. You may agree with many points. The stories of youth worked well. I was more interested in their voices as well as all the chapters. I have a massive note typed up in Evernote and will be working through this book again. This is book to read twice. I will be also moving to having conversations on this book online and connecting with others about this book. It is an important book to read to either confirm your ideas, make you think different, or just to expose you to a world that we as adults need to understand. They are not doing bad things. They just want to connect and feel part of something. It is the same thing we wanted when we were young. Don't forget what it is like to grow up and if you do this, then this book makes complete sense.You can buy the book here and check out here website you have read the book reach out to me as I want to connect with others.

  • Lauren
    2019-04-25 09:47

    I wanted more from this book. And I wanted less “teenagers have it tough” analysis. And I say this as someone who thinks that teenagers have it tough.I found both Sherry Turkle’s Alone Together (which focuses on society as a whole) and Mark Bauerlein’s The Dumbest Generation (which is a more pessimistic but also a more academically-rooted analysis) more thought provoking than It’s Complicated. It’s Complicated reads more as an apologist tract than a meaningful analysis. I agreed with some of Ms. boyd’s points and thought she had some interesting insight, but her use of her opinions – rather than fact – to guide the narrative undercut the book. Quasi-recommended.Note: A few weeks after finishing It’s Complicated, I caught Frontline’s report on teens and social media, Generation Like. While taking a different approach than It’s Complicated and covering a different segment of teenage life, Generation Like presented a more insightful and, excuse the pun, complicated view of teenage life.

  • Alanna King
    2019-04-24 04:46

    Throughout danah boyd’s “It’s Complicated: the social lives of networked teens”, I’m very satisfied with the level of sophistication of boyd’s research and unbiased point of view in her writing. Her tone is academic, professional and at the same time, approachable. The three areas that most concerned me during my reading are boyd’s research on the digital divide, online teen behaviour of sexual exploration and her plea for the redefinition of crimes associated with online bullying. I’ve been increasingly uncomfortable with Marc Prensky’s phrase “digital natives” (2005/06) and I am reassured by boyd’s acknowledgement of her own awareness and skepticism of this blanket term. boyd (2014) talks of social networking as a type of literacy and warns that “It is dangerous to assume that youth are automatically informed. It is also naive to assume that so-called digital immigrants have nothing to offer.” (p. 177). boyd also goes on to say that since teens are in many cases left to fend for themselves in networked environments, that their exposure to becoming fully literate depends on many factors. She references Henry Jenkins and his thoughts on the subject:Yet, talk of “digital natives” may also mask the different degrees access to and comfort with emerging technologies experienced by different youth. Talk of digital natives may make it harder for us to pay attention to the digital divide in terms of who has access to different technical platforms and the participation gap in terms of who has access to certain skills and competencies or for that matter, certain cultural experiences and social identities” (2007). This paragraph amplifies my own worries that this simple term has excused the education system’s lack of action in lessening the digital divide. I’m certain that we still promote the use of technology in the classroom as a tool of engagement, rather than seeing becoming proficient with technology as a fundamental requirement for graduation. In the Ontario curriculum, at least, there is no single mandatory place where students are given a number of digital strategies for studying success, although we know there are consistent issues in any student’s level of preparedness. Again, in Ontario, technology is not a mandatory part of the elementary curriculum and so students come to secondary with an almost insurmountable range of disparities in their digital backgrounds based on the interest and abilities of their elementary teachers and their home environments with varying degrees of hardware support and exposure. Along the same lines of boyd’s concerns, Jenkins (2007) goes on to say:Talking about digital natives also tends to make these changes all about digital media rather than encouraging us to think about the full range of media platforms which shape the world around us or for that matter, the complex set of relationships between old and new media that characterize convergence culture.This sentence has been the basis of my learning in the TLDL program at the U of A, where I now understand that the crux of my position is to raise the bar for transliteracy for both staff and students. (King, 2014)A large part of the digital divide that I know teachers are having trouble improving is the use of networked communities to help students. In many ways administration fears of privacy and legalities have closed the networks for their possible misuses, meanwhile eliminating all possible positive ones. Although I have concerns for all of our students, I have a particular worry about the LGBTQ population that are getting their information from unreliable sources when they desperately need support as they renegotiate social spaces. The anecdotes from boyd’s research reassured me that LGBTQ teens are finding each other online and developing supportive communities. However, boyd warns that “They are grappling with battles that adults face, but they are doing so while under constant surveillance and without a firm grasp of who they are. In short, they’re navigating one heck of a cultural labyrinth” (p. 53). I wish that the education system could find or create places, possibly in tandem with social support structures, where teens could create networks to reliable information. I wish there was a way we could better support this. I’m not sure what the answer is. One of boyd’s research topics that particularly affected me is cyberbullying and the complexities in these cases. Within boyd’s Chapter 5 on Bullying, she references the journalistic research work of Emily Bazelon who covered the case of Phoebe Prince, a teen victim of suicide and reportedly, cyber-bullying. After linking to Bazelon’s extensive reporting on this case, I found that the law is responding with a variety of consequences to cyber-bullying and that because of the after-school, non-geographic locale of this bullying, that school boards have very little to offer to victims and bullies. One of her final reports on the case revealed that in the case of Phoebe Prince, none of her aggressors were met with serious consequences. Bazelon (2011) says:After more than a year of covering this case, it's hard for me to square that duty with the way these cases unfolded. "If you bully someone to death, that's murder," explained Joseph Kennedy, a criminal law professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, when I called him earlier this week. "But if you bully someone, and then they kill themselves, and that's not something you anticipated, that's not a crime."The digital divide is not just between economic classes and about developing transliteracy skills. Boyd has revealed that the digital divide also includes how living and working as educators in this era of social networking we are not prepared for the consequences of these networks; and we are currently unable to model how to use social networks effectively.

  • Zuzana Struháriková
    2019-05-16 07:41

    Okej, toto bolo celkom zaujímavé čítanie a nedá sa povedať, že by som ho považovala za stratu času.Na druhej strane - bolo naozaj nutné, aby autorka takmer akýkoľvek problém tínedžerov na internete (či už sa bavíme o závislosti alebo množstve informácií, ktoré o sebe dennodenne zverejňujú) bagatelizovala, a tým prakticky ospravedlňovala? Ale to je asi len tá moja záľuba v textoch plných kritiky a pre niekoho možno až prehnaného negativizmu. :)Móže byť!

  • Christopher
    2019-05-04 08:43

    You know all those media tropes about teeneagers and the internet or teenagers and social media or teenagers and electronic devices?Don't believe them.Yes, the internet is changing the world. However, it isn't really changing kids.Kids are not magically "digital natives" who know all this stuff by instinct. They learn just like everyone else. Kids aren't becoming separated from the real world or becoming internet addicts. They are using social media to talk and hang out with friends same as my generation used phones and cars and older generations used horse-and-buggy. The internet is not full of uber-scary cyberpredators any more than your local park is (which is way less than you think as well). Cyberbullying is bullying with a transcript, not a radical new threat.I mostly knew this or would have agreed but hadn't quite gotten my head that far. Now for the stuff that hits me at home.The internet is not fostering equality and cosmopolitanism - no utopia. Not all access is equal and even if you have good internet access, people bring their social networks with them into cyberspace. If you have a better network, you get more benefits from the internet. If you only have a smart-phone and your network hasn't been taught how to use internet resources, you will continue to fall behind. If you hang-out with one race/class/ethnicity/language group in the physical world (and yes, you do and so do your kids and your neighbors etc.), your internet world will also be segregated by those factors as well.As a librarian/records manager that one hits home and hurts.As a parent of a kid in a diverse city and school system, that hurts.So what's really different? What Boyd calls collapsing contexts. Everything we do is done with an intended audience, whether you think about it or not. A context collapse happens when you get an unintended audience (i.e. Mom walks in on you talking sweet nothings to your significant other). The power of the internet to spread information and maintain access to information increases the chance of context collapse. Much of social media assumes you want to share and you can only limit your context through effort - the opposite of real life where making private conversations public takes effort.What do kids or parents do about it? Damned if I know. Limiting kids' access to internet or social tools because of the chance of context collapse is short-sighted, dangerous, and ultimately futile (just lock your kid in their bedroom until their 18 - except that won't work either).So, parents have to do the hard work we've always had to do. Help teens navigate a social world that is new to them and a bit foriegn to us as well. Be there to help but also stay out of the way. Be scared of the chances they take and failures they'll have and yet be amazed at the chances they take and victories they achieve. It's what we signed-up for by having a kid.

  • SundayAtDusk
    2019-05-03 05:49

    Dana Boyd works for Microsoft Research. She also turned to the internet in the mid-1990s, as a teenager, because she "felt ostracized and misunderstood at school". She did not specify why, but according to her Wikipedia page, she identifies herself as "queer", so possibly her sexual orientation was the main issue. Both of these matters makes Ms. Boyd more financially and personally beholden to the internet and social media than the average person. Hence, don't expect this book to be objective about the internet or social media.The first sign that the author is strongly tilting in one direction over the other is her views on parents. She portrays parents of teenagers as being intrusive, overprotective, uninformed, etc. It wouldn't have been surprising if she had eventually come right out and stated: "Parents need to shut up, back off, buy their kids the best cell phones and tablets and laptops they can afford, and never be late paying the internet or phone bills." One can only guess Ms. Boyd's childhood has deeply influenced her decision to still think and talk like a teenager at times, even though she is now in her thirties. One should also note that the author had her first child last year, and, thus, has never been morally or legally responsible for a teenager.Another sign is the way Ms. Boyd would look at a problem with social media in the present and state it is really no different from something in the past. This viewpoint of hers became downright bizarre in the chapter on bullying. Anyone who is not an absolute idiot knows how social media has drastically changed the world of bullying, and created a whole new world of drama never seen before in the past with teenagers. Her own chapter on the matter even proves it. But what does Ms. Boyd say in the final paragraph in that chapter? She states: "Although new forms of drama find a home through social media, teens' behaviors have not significantly changed. Social media has not radically altered the dynamics of bullying, but it has made these dynamics more visible to more people." She goes on: "Blaming technology or assuming that conflict will disappear if technology usage is minimized is naive."In Dana Boyd's mind, social media is never to blame for anything bad. People are just looking at it in the wrong way. She spends a great deal of the book trying to tell readers how they should look at the matter of social media. They need to look at it as she looks at it, as she needs to look at it. Her final paragraph in the book is a most revealing one as to how she sees it all. She states: "Networked publics are here to stay. Rather than resisting technology or fearing what might happen if youth embrace social media, adults should help youth develop the skills and perspective to productively navigate the complications brought about by living in networked publics. Collaboratively, adults and youth can help create a networked world that we all want to live in."Live in? Now, that's the key to if a reader is more likely to agree with Ms. Boyd, or more likely to disagree. If the reader feels teenagers should be spending more time living in an online world, instead of an offline world, then that reader will probably love this book. However, if the reader feels teenagers should not be living in an online world, but need to concentrate all or most of their time and energy living in the offline world, this book is not going to seem like one offering sensible advice on how to raise a teenager.For those in the latter group, don't expect any discussions in this book about social media device etiquette, such as not using one's cell phone as a means of escaping from present company. Also, don't expect any thoughts about the negative effects of teenagers never spending much time alone with their own thoughts, since they are constantly wired to the thoughts of others. Moreover, don't expect any concerns about teenagers never living for the moment, but always needing to record or report the moment, and always living in a constant state of anticipation of the next text or tweet. Dana Boyd doesn't go there. To her, the networked world is one to live in, not one to visit.(Note: I received an ARC of this book from Amazon Vine.)

  • Jen
    2019-04-22 06:24

    This was a really interesting read -- for the AISL book discussion in Dallas next week -- that presented a good perspective on teens and the use of social media. It can be really easy to feel discouraged and hopeless about the state of today's teenagers when I see some of the things they feel appropriate to do/share/say on social media, but Danah Boyd puts it in perspective for me. While at times I felt like perhaps she gave teens *too* much credit for their reasons behind the things they do, in general--and more so as the book went on--I felt like she did recognize that not all teens were alright and some of them certainly do some very irresponsible things. She explored why teens appear to be addicted to social media and their phones -- really, it's an alternative for socializing with their friends in person when groups of teens are not really welcome in public spaces, or logistics makes it difficult or impossible to get together in person. She talked about the difficulty of teens not really knowing who their audience is in this networked environment, and how they attempt to negotiate multiple possible audiences by doing things like using different social networks for different groups and sharing in "code". The discussion of the misleading term "digital natives" was also very interesting -- I certainly agreed with her in that regard. Just because teens grew up with technology and never really knew a world without it, that does not necessarily mean that they know how to navigate it successfully, and it would be foolish to assume that they have nothing to learn from the so-called "digital immigrants". "Teens may make their own media or share content online, but this does not mean that they inherently have the knowledge or perspective to critically examine what they consume. Being exposed to information or imagery through the internet and engaging with social media do not make someone a savvy interpreter of the meaning behind these artifacts. Technology is constantly reworking social and information systems, but teens will not become critical contributors to this ecosystem simply because they were born in an age when these technologies were pervasive." (177) "As the term [digital native] took off and began to permeate popular discourse, scholars began critiquing the underlying implications. From an ethnic studies perspective, the language of 'natives' and 'immigrants' is particularly fraught. At a private event I attended, anthropologist Genevieve Bell invited everyone in the room to interrogate the underlying implications of these terms. She reminded the room that, throughout history, powerful immigrants have betrayed native populations while destroying their spiritual spaces and asserting power over them. Although this is not the story of all immigrants, this reminder raises serious questions about what is recognized in discussions of digital natives. Is the goal to celebrate youth savvy or to destroy their practices? Do people intend to recognize native knowledge as valuable or as something that should be restricted and controlled?" (179)"When we assume that youth will just absorb all things digital through exposure, we absolve ourselves our of responsibility to help teenagers develop necessary skills. Too often, we focus on limiting youth from accessing inaccurate or problematic information. This is a laudable goal, but alone it does teens a fundamental disservice. Youth must become media literate. When they engage with media--either as consumers or producers--they need to have the skills to ask questions about the construction and dissemination of particular media artifacts. What biases are embedded in the artifact? How did the creator intend for an audience to interpret that artifact, and what are the consequences of that interpretation?" (180-181)On Wikipedia: "Many digital technologies undermine or destabilize institutions of authority and expertise, revealing alternative ways of generating and curating content. Crowdsourced content--such as what is provided to Wikipedia--is not necessarily better, more accurate, or more comprehensive than expert-vetted content, but it can, and often does, play a valuable role in making information accessible and providing a site for reflection on the production of knowledge." (191-192)"I believe that the digital natives rhetoric is worse than inaccurate: it is dangerous. Because of how society has politicized this language, it allows some to eschew responsibility for helping youth and adults navigate a networked world. If we view skills and knowledge as inherently generational, then organized efforts to achieve needed forms of literacy are unnecessary. In other words, a focus on today's youth as digital natives presumes that all we as a society need to do is be patient and wait for a generation of these digital wunderkinds to grow up. A laissez-faire attitude is unlikely to eradicate the inequalities that continue to emerge. Likewise, these attitudes will not empower average youth to be more sophisticated internet participants. When Mark Prensky popularized the notion of digital natives, he never expected this metaphor to have a significant life, let alone to justify passivity by adults. Instead, he argues, we should be looking to increase digital wisdom, both in creating empowering tools that enable understanding and in empowering people to use existing tools wisely. Recognizing that technology can be used in both harmful and beneficial ways, Prensky maintains that it is important that we all work to be more thoughtful about our engagement with technology." (197)

  • Brian Bennett
    2019-05-18 03:46

    danah boyd spent 10 years researching teen use of social media and has written a great book diving into themes and patterns. Similar to Sherry Turkle, boyd looked past the specifics of what teens were doing and focused on generalities and patterns of use across all social media.As a teacher and parent, it was helpful to think through what developmental hurdles teenagers are tackling with social media as the outlet. I reflected on my teaching habits and how I model appropriate, safe, and purposeful use to my students. boyd also gave great insight on how, as a parent, I can engage in healthy ways with my kids as they form identity in a connected world.

  • Ivana
    2019-05-19 09:50

    Prečítajte si o živote teenagerov v mnohorakom kontexte, intrigách, šikane, obmedzenom pohybe po verejnom priestore, nerovnosti a komplikovanej otázke prístupu k technológiam.Kniha bez technooptimizmu, apelujúca na súdržnosť. P.S.: A další výborný prínosu kvalitatívneho a dlhotrvajúceho výskumu.

  • Wesley Fryer
    2019-05-20 04:50

    danah boyd's book, "It's Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens," should be required reading for every parent and educator today. Living as we do in a media-saturated society, many adults are prone to believe the hype and buy the overly-simplistic portrayal by mainstream media outlets of how technology is to blame for many ills which beset both teens and our society as a whole. dana has spent years interviewing hundreds of teens around the United States about their uses of social media. Her anecdotes as well as research conclusions paint an important picture (as her book title indicates) of a much more "complicated" landscape of teen social media use and social lives than many people perceive today.Digital communication technologies, including social media, have definitely changed the landscape of adolescence and "coming of age" in the United States in the 21st century. danah persausively argues in her book, however, that many of the challenges faced by teens and our society which get blamed on technologies stem from other root causes. She observes "For some adults, nostalgia can get in the way of understanding teens real relationship to social technologies today." Reading her book, and following up that reading with personal discussions with teens you have contact with in your life, is one of the best ways to move beyond nostalgic, often overly-simplistic perceptions of teen feelings & desires about online privacy as well as social media use more generally.danah observes that "persistence, visibility, spreadability & searchability are all unique characteristics of networked digital publics." Teens and young people in their 20s today are the first generation on our planet to grow up simultaneously in a face-to-face as well as virtual (or "mediated") world. It's a mistake to believe that because many teens are on social media websites like Facebook (which have default settings for a public profile) they don't care about privacy. Media articles and TV programs love to hype the slogan, "privacy is dead," but teen use of mobile applications like SnapChat demonstrates this is false. As adults, we are mistaken if we think teen desires to use apps like SnapChat are entirely rooted in a desire to share inappropriate photos and videos. Certainly inappropriate media sharing ("sexting") is a reality for many teens as well as adults, but we should not generalize all desires to use apps and web services offering privacy as automatically suspect and likely inappropriate. As danah states, "The Internet is NOT just a place where people engage in unhealthy interactions." danah explores issues of privacy and publicity in challenging ways in her book. She astutely observes, "Both privacy and publicity are blurred... Being able to achieve privacy is an expression of agency." These issues are not simple, and adults are well advised to consider these complicated contexts carefully rather than assume (falsely) these issues are black and white, or easily understood and navigated.As a fan of metaphors, I've liked "amplifier" as a description of technology for many years. danah notes in her book, "The Internet mirrors,magnifies, & makes more visible the good, bad & ugly of everyday life." We commit a significant mistake if we perceive the Internet to primarily be a place where teens make and have the opportunity to make big mistakes, however. Among other things, danah's book is a call for adults everywhere to become better and more active listeners to teens and young people as they experience and share their struggles in life. She observes "Many adult anxieties over teen social media use derive from reluctance to let teens fully participate in public life." In many ways we are a fear-driven society today, and danah's book offers a helpful mirror to consider how mainstream media has fanned the flames of fear surrounding technology and how we can view our world with more balance than extremism.I highly recommend "It's Complicated" to you, whether you listen to it on your commutes to work (as I did) or you read it in print or eBook form. It's a thought provoking, timely, and immensely practical book which will encourage you to have important conversations with others in your family and community about social media, technology, freedom, fear, and other important topics.As I listened to the audio version of dana's book from Audible, I tweeted numerous ideas and quotations which resonated with me and struck me as particularly notable. You can check those out using the following search link to my Tweet Nest Twitter archive:

  • Anna
    2019-05-11 05:52

    This book provides an interesting counterpoint to Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other, which emphasises the problematic aspects of technology. 'It’s Complicated', by contrast, seeks to reassure the reader that today’s American teenagers are not being ruined by the internet and smartphones. I found myself agreeing with both books to some extent, as they are really pursuing different points. Turkle focuses more on the elderly than youth and doesn’t engage with the ‘digital natives’ concept. Boyd (sorry, I’m a stickler for capitalisation) is seeking to counter media scare stories about teenage life, which she rightly insists say more about the media’s use of fear than about teenagers themselves. Both books use ethnographic methods, which explore nuances of experience appealingly. Boyd seems more will to back this up with data on overall trends, which I appreciated.The two books, but this one especially, really emphasise to me how American society has major problems and use of technology is a symptom rather than a cause. A major theme of ‘It’s Complicated’ is the fact that teenagers use social media to communicate with their friends because it is much easier than meeting with them face-to-face. A mixture of fearful & stiflingly protective parents, bad transport, a hostile built environment, and lack of free time appear responsible for this. Reading this chapter, I felt very glad not to be an American teenager, as it sounds incredibly depressing. Likewise, in Turkle’s book there was much about robots being used as companions for the elderly - this is symptomatic of society dismissing the elderly, rather than being a cause of it. Technology is not some neutral force, even as it shapes society it was created and marketed in a particular context.Given the focus on teenagers, do not expect this book to reflect on the adoption of social media by other demographics. Moreover, it doesn’t consider the impact of smartphones and their ethic of constant connectivity. On the other hand, it does make some very striking points on how social media spaces reproduce existing inequalities and prejudices, especially racism. Likewise notable was the concept of ‘civil inattention’ and privacy-in-public within the context of facebook; the idea that relatives should skim past updates intended to be read by friends. Given that social mores and norms of behaviour are uncertain and evolving in social media, the extent of civil inattention is hard to gauge. A post that seems to invite sympathy and comfort leads you wonder if it is inviting such from you, or from closer friends, perhaps someone specific? On facebook, there is the perennial question of whether to weigh into a discussion between people you barely know, on a topic you feel strongly about. As arguing on the internet seems astoundingly futile, I'd always answer no. (As an aside, I don't use facebook, which I dislike for its clutter and general stressfulness. The same situation can occur on twitter, though.) ‘It’s Complicated’ is not a long book. It covers the topics most commonly raised in scaremongering about teenagers and technology, such as addiction to social media, bullying, and privacy. I was left with other questions, though. How is technology changing teenagers attitudes and practises in relation to consumerism, to socialising (surely more than the book implies), and to their future priorities? Are smartphones seen as tools for a purpose, or as part of their identity? I’m sure plenty of other books cover these issues. Perhaps it says something about my own attitude to technology that I get books out of the library about it! During my own teenage years I didn’t have a mobile phone but had access to the internet at school and the library. That wasn’t necessarily a better or worse way to grow up than with a smartphone and internet connection, yet this book definitely makes it clear that such technologies aren’t going to magically fix all the problems that teenagers face. They might make some worse and some better, in certain circumstances. What they most definitely do, however, is make incredible amounts of money for the companies that produce the hardware, run the websites, and sell the services.

  • Jj Kwashnak
    2019-04-30 09:25

    All the time we hear talk about “teenagers today just have their face in their phones all the time,” or more kindly talk about them being “digital natives.” But are they really all that different than teenagers from earlier generations? Danah Boyd seems to think not. Her insightful book opens with an observation of teenagers at a high school football game in Nashville, where all the students are using mobile devices at the game, and then putting them away to interact face to face – contrasted with the parents in the stands who are glued to their devices, with no difference if they were there or somewhere else. Basing her book on numerous interviews conducted over the past 5-7 years Boyd comes to a rather startling conclusion – teens want to socialize (no surprise there) and want to do it face to face, but they can’t whether due to highly structured time constraints or parental restrictions on movement and gathering. So they increasingly have turned to social media as an outlet. Falling ahead of the curve, teens use social media to negotiate interpersonal interactions and do so without the prying eyes of parents who understand and use more “mainstream” social media such as Facebook and instead using Twitter, Snapschat and other services. Their postings are often encoded, expressing their feelings for those who understand, knowing that their every utterance is being watched. As Boyd explains, Teens and Social Media are In a Relationship, and “It’s Complicated.” A heart there is an almost love/hate relationship with technology and social media – it’s a chance to interact with others, but it can also be the great boogie man with parents instilling fear in teens, and themselves, with stories of online sexual predators and bullying. But it does not keep the teens from using the Internet; rather it keeps many of them hiding it from their parents. If there is a negative in the book, it is that while the author deals with the issue of technology (which can change week to week), she is relying on interviews that were conducted mainly between 2007 and 2010 – a lifetime in Internet time. While the bulk of the research probably would bear out the same conclusions, many of the stories and references can seem dated, making the reader wonder what might have changed in the intervening years. Despite this lag time, the book is an interesting view into wired teens today and certainly adds to the complicated reality of their world.

  • David Rickert
    2019-04-29 09:29

    This is a book every teacher and parent should read, not because you'll agree with everything that Boyd writes but because she questions some widely held assumptions about teens' use of technology. Her basic premise is that teens are "addicted" to social media because parents have created a sheltered environment governed by fear in which teens don't have anywhere else to go but online to create a private environment to socialize. My favorite story is one where a mom had a group of her daughter's friends over but was afraid to leave them unsupervised. Her daughter began to text at the dinner table and when her mom said she was being rude, her daughter replied that she was actually texting the same friends at the table because she wanted to have a conversation without her mom listening in. The way that teens use social media is quite a bit different than adults (and there's another great scene where the author is at a high school football game and observes that parents were tied to their phones much more than the kids were). Teens use it as an extension of their lives at school and a place to socialize because their over-programmed lives don't allow for them to create their own social environments. I disagree in part with the author here because it seems like sports and extracurriculars should provide the environment for such socialization, even if they are school sanctioned activities.If there's a weakness to the author's argument it's that at times she's too sympathetic with teens who obviously aren't always the most reliable at reporting why they do what they do and often portray themselves as victims rather than having control over their circumstances. Teens may go to Facebook to socialize, but they also do it when they have nothing else better to do. Still, the author challenges a lot of the commonly held assumptions about teens' use of social media and whether or not you agree with her position, they are important questions that should be raised.

  • Sarah
    2019-04-27 03:24

    It’s complicated… or maybe not. This book provides cosy reassurance that teenagers are the same as they have always been and that the internet merely provides them with different ways to connect and communicate. The author dissects teenage online behaviour through a mixture of qualitative research and statistics that generally works well. Personal anecdotes make for an engaging read, but are supported by enough quantitative evidence to make the arguments convincing. Ironically, the first chapters suggest that teenagers are using social media primarily as a means of arranging real-life meetings and are in fact more socially engaged than their equally addicted parents. The tone of the book is consistently positive, providing a defence of the importance of outlets like Facebook for contemporary adolescents. The internet allows geographically challenged adolescents to have a social life and apparently decreases bullying rather than promoting it, by leaving lasting evidence of any victimisation. Was I convinced? No, not completely. It comes across as an apologia for teenage internet addiction and while some of the arguments are compelling, the lack of attention to opposing viewpoints seemed to leave a vacuum in the structure. Issues with sexting and privacy of all kinds have been an ongoing problem for students in the schools I have worked in and the glib explanation of how students are protecting themselves through codes and different identities didn't completely convince. Similarly, I felt that cyberbullying and its ramifications were not explored rigorously enough. So I would recommend this book with reservations – it’s a fairly interesting read without being riveting and while not comprehensive enough for my liking, it provides an alternative and well researched viewpoint to the media hysteria about adolescent online behaviour.

  • Courtney
    2019-05-07 03:22

    It's Complicated is the result of a ten-year study investigating the effects social media has on our nation's teenagers. danah boyd traveled all around the country interviewing teens and parents. What she found may surprise some. Many of the fears and assumptions held by adults tend to be misguided and/or hyperbolic. The ways in which teens use the technology varies from teen to teen, but much of their use is consistent with the psychological and social needs presented by physical interactions with their peers. It's important to remember that simply because we adults may use the same social networks, we may use them for different purposes. Most of the things we fear about online interactions, i.e. predators, bullying, etc. tend to be greatly exaggerated and may, in fact, be worse in the physical world. There's a lot teen psychology here as well, which helps not only in understanding how the software is used, but also why (and which sites, for that matter). I may have only given this three stars, but a lot of that is because so much of this book feels like common sense if you anything at all about teenagers. It presupposes that you, as the reader, may only have limited interaction with teens (or interaction with a limited number of teens) and thus may not have spent much, if any, time researching their behaviors. I work with teens on a daily basis, so it kind of felt like this book was preaching to the choir. The biggest take-away here can basically be boiled down to: "the more things change, the more they stay the same." Teens are doing what they've always done; they're just adapting current technologies to do so (mainly because their access to public spaces and unstructured time has drastically increased over the years). Still, for those who may not feel as well-versed in teen behaviors, this is an informative read.

  • Tim Pollock
    2019-05-08 05:45

    What a letdown. What a major, raging letdown this book was.Published in 2014 by the too-cool-for-capital-letters "danah boyd," this book hammers away at Facebook while making barely any mention of Twitter. Instagram appears a handful of times. Snapchat is not mentioned once. I don't even recall a Tumblr reference. There is even an entire section called "Facebook vs. MySpace." It's 2014, people.The major premise that I think is simply irresponsible is this notion that parents need to allow "privacy" and "space" for their online teenagers. boyd essentially dismisses the idea of online predators as a "myth" we have created through "scare tactic" shows like "To Catch a Predator." She urges us to reconsider the leash we give our teenagers, insisting that parents misunderstand the online lives of our young adults.Marketed as a "must read" for teachers, boyd devotes exactly 0% of her research to the opinions of educators, despite the fact that students spend an insane amount of time during the school day engaging in social media and that maybe, just maybe, teachers are actually paying attention to this stuff.What absolutely blew my mind, however, is how a book like this makes not one mention of porn. A "leading expert" on "everyday practices" of online teenagers somehow skips the most disturbing trend of the internet--how it is bombarding and preying on every single male, particularly teenage males.I recommend this book to no one.

  • Erin Scott
    2019-05-13 04:26

    I had the opportunity to hear danah speak at the Stanford Law School, which was sort of a (very) condensed version of this book. I enjoyed her observations and being able to dive deeper into the ideas. Major takeaways: adults, stop being afraid of technology, and don't expect it to be a magic fix to cure our social ills. There's work to be done to fix issues of racial, class and financial inequality, as these issues are endemic of our society and require work. And stop yelling at your kids to get off Facebook when you won't let them socialize in person; it isn't positive parenting.

  • Luke Meehan
    2019-04-24 03:39

    Really excellent research, sadly ruined by the artificial requirements of academic sociology. Boyd knows her field and has gathered a wonderful wealth of qualitative data. Her conclusions are tight and important. But modern sociology requires any work have an anti-capitalist and cultural-equivalence slant, and only be expressed in stupidly verbose, meandering terms. Boyd wanted this book to be a handbook for parents and policymakers. It should have been. Instead, it is very close to being just another sociology circle-jerk.

  • Oliver Brackenbury
    2019-05-11 08:37

    What could easily have been another over-inflated thinkpiece of a book is most definitely NOT. I very much enjoyed reading "It's Complicated" and was pleased to not only learn many new things, but also to be reminded of some very useful information about how any of us interacts with online social spaces. The ending felt a little rushed; I would have like to know more about "a networked world that we all want to live in" built by adults and youth collaborating. The value of all the ignorance a book like this can erase more than makes up for slim pickings in the area of proposed solutions.

  • Kelly
    2019-04-28 03:38

    Anyone who works with teens or thinks about teen culture needs to read this book. It's a great look at how teens connect online and why they're connecting online -- the why of simply WHY and the why of why that matters.

  • Beth
    2019-05-17 08:51

    Excellent! Really explains how social media is not a "teen thing." And how and why teenagers are the first to find new ways to communicate. Very respectful of teen lives and what teens contribute to the world.

  • Jennifer
    2019-04-28 06:51

    A wee bit on the dry side but chock full of excellent anecdotes and facts that will help teachers and librarians who work with teens explain and support their online habits to worried parents and administrators.

  • Christine Sitter
    2019-05-11 10:31

    The most relevant, enlightening book I've read regarding teenagers and technology all year. It's got great perspective, engaging, useful information without taking sides or offering the only way to "cure" the situation. Kudos, Ms. Boyd. And thank you.

  • Allison
    2019-05-19 06:23

    Great read... her arguments really build over the course of the book, so quickly get through the first chapter and then soak up the rest. Her vignettes of different teenagers really adds to the narrative... and the way she frames up her viewpoints is really great.

  • Ying
    2019-05-14 05:26

    ก็มันซับซ้อนอ่ะ...danah boyd. (2014). It's Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens. New Haven: Yale University Press.danah boyd (ชื่อของเธอต้องสะกดด้วยตัวเล็กหมดเลย) เคยเป็นนักเขียนโปรแกรมคอมพิวเตอร์มาก่อน ตอนนี้เป็น digital anthropologist ทำงานวิจัยที่ไมโครซอฟต์ และเป็น fellow ของ Berkman Center for Internet and Society ที่ม.ฮาร์วาร์ด ตั้งแต่ปี 2007 จนถึงตอนนี้บอยด์เก็บข้อมูลการใช้อินเทอร์เน็ตของนักเรียนมัธยม(วัยรุ่น) ในสหรัฐอเมริกาจำนวน 166 คน ตั้งแต่ 2003-2012 จากทุกรัฐ ด้วยการไปสังเกตในพื้นที่ต่างๆ ที่วัยรุ่นทำกิจกรรมและสัมภาษณ์ เช่น อัฒจรรย์ชมอเมริกันฟุตบอล ห้าง เข้าไปในโรงเรียน บ้าน รวมถึงการเก็บข้อมูลจากการใช้โซเชียลมีเดียตามเว็บไซต์ต่างๆ (ในภาคผนวก เขาบอกรายละเอียดว่า 166 คน เป็นใคร)คำถามของบอยด์ คือ อยากรู้ว่าการเกิดขึ้นของโซเชียลมีเดียส่งผลอย่างไรต่อวัยรุ่นบ้าง มีอะไรใหม่ อะไรเหมือนเดิม โซเชียลมีเดียช่วยเพิ่มคุณภาพชีวิตในด้านชีวิตทางสังคมของวัยรุ่นอเมริกันอย่างไรบ้างจากเนื้อหาทั้งหมดในหนังสือพอจะบอกได้ว่า บอยด์ต้องการสนทนากับผู้ใหญ่ พ่อแม่ ครูบาอาจารย์ ตลอดจนสื่อมวลชนทั้งหลายที่กังวลกับพฤติกรรมการใช้โซเชียลมีเดียของวัยรุ่นเหล่านี้ เธอบอกไว้แต่แรกเลยว่า นี่ไม่ใช่จดหมายรักถึงคนหนุ่มสาว แต่เป็นการส่งเสียงบอกผู้ใหญ่ให้รับรู้ เห็นได้ชัดคือ การแบ่งบทในหนังสือสรุปความกังวลของผู้ใหญ่ไว้ครบถ้วน ซึ่งได้แก่identity: why do teens seem strange online? privacy: why do youth share so publicly? addiction: what makes teens obsessed with social media?danger: are sexual predators lurking everywhere?bullying: is social media amplifying meanness and cruelty?inequality: can social media resolve social divisions?literacy: are today’s youth digital natives? searching: for a public of their ownตอนต้น บอยด์เล่าว่า เธอไปสังเกตการณ์วัยรุ่นที่ไปดูการแข่งอเมริกันฟุตบอลระหว่างโรงเรียน เธอพบว่าวิธีการใช้สมาร์ตโฟนของเด็กกับผู้ใหญ่ไม่เหมือนกัน ขณะที่เด็กเปิดดูโทรศัพท์ ก็มักจะชวนเพื่อนที่นั่งข้างๆ มาดูหน้าจอด้วย หรือไม่ก็ถ่ายรูปเล่นกัน ส่วนผู้ใหญ่มักจะก้มหน้าก้มตาทำอะไรบางอย่างกับโทรศัพท์ตามลำพัง ขนาดถึงตอนได้คะแนน เขาก็ยังไม่เงยหน้าจากโทรศัพท์เลย หลังเลิกเกมเด็กบางคนไปเที่ยวต่อกับเพื่อนไม่ได้ก็กลับบ้าน ติดตามอยู่ที่บ้าน บางคนก็โพสต์รูปกิจกรรมที่ทำระหว่างชมกีฬา คุยกับเพื่อนที่อยู่ในปาร์ตี้วัยรุ่นอเมริกันเกือบ 90% มีโทรศัพท์มือถือ รุ่นแตกต่างกันไปตามฐานะ ส่วนมากคนขาวชนชั้นกลางจะมีไอโฟน เด็กส่วนใหญ่ไม่ใช้มันในฐานะโทรศัพท์แต่ใช้ทำอย่างอื่น บอยด์สังเกตว่า เวลาที่โทรศัพท์ดัง เด็กก็รับสายแล้วก็พูดว่า "พ่อออ" หรือ "แม่"ในหนังสือบอยด์พยายามสนทนากับความเป็นห่วงของผู้ใหญ่ อธิบายว่าวัยรุ่นเขาทำอะไรกับเรื่องเหล่านี้บ้าง หลายเรื่องเด็กก็มีวิธีจัดการของตัวเอง หลายเรื่องมันก็สะท้อนสภาพที่สังคมเป็น หลายเรื่องผู้ใหญ่ก็อาจแก้ปัญหาผิดจุดในบทที่ว่าด้วยอัตลักษณ์บอยด์บอกว่าวัยรุ่นใช้โซเชียลมีเดียของตัวเอง กำกับความสัมพันธ์และบริบทรอบตัวพวกเขา เช่น การใช้ชื่อที่แตกต่างกันไปในแต่ละเว็บไซต์ของเด็กผู้หญิงคนหนึ่ง เธอเลือกแล้วว่าจะนำเสนอตัวเองแบบไหนในที่ต่างๆ ในเฟซบุ๊กใช้ชื่อ jessica ในทวิตเตอร์ ใช้ชื่อ littelmonster หลายคนใช้เฟซบุ๊กสำหรับเพื่อนในโรงเรียน ส่วน tumblr แชร์กับคนที่มีความสนใจคล้ายกัน หรือ ทวิตเตอร์ใช้กับคนไม่รู้จัก เช่น เป็นกลุ่มแฟนคลับของดาราที่ชื่นชอบ มีเด็กผู้หญิงคนหนึ่งเป็นแฟนคลับของนักร้องวง one direction เพื่อนๆ ก็รู้ว่าเธอชอบ เวลาใช้เฟซบุ๊ก เธอก็คุยเรื่องนี้น้อย เพราะรู้ว่าเพื่อนไม่อินและรำคาญ แต่จะใช้ทวิตเตอร์คุยกับคนที่ชอบเหมือนกัน บางคนคุยกันจนเป็นเพื่อนกันทางเฟซบุ๊กต่อบางครั้งเด็กก็มองว่าการใช้โซเชียลมีเดียเป็นที่เล่นสนุก เป็นเรื่องขำๆ เขาก็เลยชอบใส่ประวัติส่วนตัวที่ไม่จริง เช่น มีรายได้ 250,000 เหรียญ หรือทำควิซนั่นนี่ที่ขำๆ แต่พ่อแม่ไม่เข้าใจ บอยด์บอกว่า การตกแต่งพื้นที่โซเชียลมีเดียของเหมือนกับการประดับประดาห้องนอนของวัยรุ่นชนชั้นกลาง และสะท้อนว่าอยากจะให้คนอื่นมองว่าตัวเองเป็นอย่างไรขณะที่มีเด็กบางคนโพสต์อะไรที่แปลกๆ ต่อต้านกฎ บางคนก็ใช้โซเชียลมีเดียเป็นพื้นที่แสดงออกอัตลักษณ์ของตนเอง มีเด็กหญิงคนหนึ่งเจอกลุ่มสนทนา LGBT ซึ่งเธอเลือกจะเป็น แต่ก็รู้ว่าให้ใครรู้ไม่ได้และไม่พร้อมจะเปิดเผย ไม่อยากให้คนในโรงเรียน พ่อแม่ เพื่อนรู้ ก็ต้องแอบเข้าเว็บที่เกี่ยวข้องกับเรื่องพวกนี้ แล้วก็รู้ว่าเบราวน์เซอร์ต่างๆ เก็บประวัติการเข้าชมเว็บ เธอก็เลยเลือกใช้เบราวน์เซอร์แตกต่างกันสำหรับเว็บหรือแอคเคานท์โซเชียลมีเดียแตกต่างกันไปด้วยวัยรุ่นคิดถึงความเป็นส่วนตัว แต่อาจจะคนละแบบกับที่ผู้ใหญ่เข้าใจขณะที่ผู้ใหญ่กังวลว่าวัยรุ่นแชร์ช้อมูลส่วนตัวของตนเองมากเกินไป วัยรุ่นก็กลัวว่า ผู้ใหญ่จะมาสอดส่อง สอดแนมพวกเขา วัยรุ่นพยายามหลายอย่างเพื่อให้พ้นจากการคุกคามของพ่อแม่ หลายคนเป็นเพื่อนกับพ่อแม่บนโซเชียลมีเดีย และให้รหัสผ่านแก่พวกเขาเผื่อกรณีฉุกเฉิน แต่จะไม่พอใจถ้าพ่อแม่มาแอบดู หรือมายุ่ง ส่วนพ่อแม่มักให้เหตุผลว่า เป็นสิทธิของพวกเขาวัยรุ่นหลายคนควบคุมข้อมูลที่อาจจะถูกมองเห็นจากคนอื่นได้ ด้วยหลายวิธี บางคนใช้ภาษาเข้ารหัส บางคนโพสต์เพลงที่รู้กันเฉพาะเพื่อนสนิท เช่น เด็กหญิงคนหนึ่งรู้สึกแย่มากหลังจากอกหัก และอยากจะบอกเพื่อน แต่มีแม่เป็นเพื่อนทางเฟซบุ๊กด้วย ก็ไม่รู้จะทำไง เดี๋ยวแม่เป็นห่วง ก็เลยหาทางสื่อสารกับเพื่อนด้วยเพลง เธอเลือกเพลงจากในหนังเรื่องหนึ่งที่ไปดูกับเพื่อน เป็นตอนที่ตัวละครอกหัก เพลงนี้ขึ้นมาพอดี ซึ่งตอนหนังจบก็ได้คุยกับเพื่อนเรื่องนี้ เมื่อเธอโพสต์เพลงนี้ เพื่อนก็เข้ามากดไลก์ และส่งข้อความหาด้วยความเป็นห่วง ขณะที่แม่มาคอมเมนต์ว่า เพลงนี้ดีจัง ความหมายดีวัยรุ่นอยู่กับการถูกสอดส่องอยู่ตลอดเวลาจากพ่อแม่ เช่น การยืนอยู่ข้างหลังดูว่าลูกคุยอะไร แอบซุ่มดูตามที่ต่างๆ เพราะคิดว่าเป็นสิทธิที่จะฟังและรับรู้ เด็กสาวอายุ 18 ปีคนหนึ่งกลัวว่าจะถูกใครมายุ่มยามกับเธอ ใช้วิธี deactivate เฟซบุ๊กเวลาที่ไม่ได้ออนไลน์ และกลับมา activate ใหม่เวลาที่อยู่หน้าจอ ทำแบบนี้ทำให้เธอรู้สึกว่าตนเองควบคุมสถานการณ์ได้วัยรุ่นมีประสบการณ์ของการถูกสอดส่องตลอดเวลา และแตกต่างกันไปตามสถานะทางสังคมและเศรษฐกิจหรือเชื้อชาติของพวกเขา คนที่อยู่ชายขอบมักถูกสอดส่องจากรัฐ ขณะที่คนที่มีอภิสิทธิอาจถูกพ่อแม่สอดส่องมากกว่าขณะที่พ่อแม่รู้สึกว่า ตนเองกำลังทำตัวเป็นพ่อแม่ที่ดีอยู่ ลูกกลับรู้สึกว่าพวกเขาต้องการความไว้วางใจบอยด์บอกว่าข้อถกเถียงเรื่องไม่มีอะไรต้องซ่อนอาจไร้สาระ เพราะสำหรับวัยรุ่นแล้ว ความเป็นส่วนตัวเป็นเรื่องของการควบคุมการเข้าถึงความหมายมากกว่า การควบคุมช่องทางเข้าถึงเนื้อหานั้นประเด็นเรื่อง "ติดเน็ต" และ "อันตราย" ของวัยรุ่นมักอยู่ในหัวของผู้ใหญ่ พวกเขามองว่าวัยรุ่นใช้เวลาไปกับอินเทอร์เน็ตมากเกินไป บอยด์บอกว่าจากการคุยกับวัยรุ่นหลายคน เธอคิดว่าวัยรุ่นสมัยนี้มีอิสระน้อยกว่าสมัยของเธอมาก วัยรุ่นเดี๋ยวนี้ถูกสอนว่าให้ ทำอะไรก็ได้ที่อยากทำ แต่ทำที่บ้าน ก่อนหน้านี้เด็กๆ มักออกมาเล่นกับเพื่อนบ้านในละแวกเดียวกัน ขี่จักรยาน ไปเดินเล่น แต่ตอนนี้พวกเขาถูกสั่งห้ามไม่ให้ไปไหนนอกสายตาผู้ใหญ่ เพราะเกรงว่าจะเกิดอันตรายในความกลัวของพ่อแม่ทำให้เด็กบางคนมีตารางกิจกรรมแน่นเอี้ยดในช่วงเลิกเรียน และวันหยุด จนไม่มีเวลาสังสันทน์กับเพื่อนฝูง ลูกชนชั้นกลางและสูงใช้เวลาไปกับการเข้าสังคมแบบชนชั้นสูง เช่น สปอร์ตคลับ เรียนดนตรี ความเข้มงวดและความกลัวของพ่อแม่ทำให้เด็กหลายคนใช้โซเชียลมีเดียเป็นที่พูดคุยกับเพื่อนวัยรุ่นใช้อินเทอร์เน็ตเพื่อติดต่อกับเพื่อน สำหรับคนภายนอกแล้ว อาจจะมองว่าพวกเขาติดเน็ต แต่จริงๆ แล้วพวกเขาโหยหาเวลาและพื้นที่ในการพบปะกับเพื่อนๆ ต่างหากบอยด์เข้าไปในโรงเรียนหนึ่งที่มีเด็กนักเรียนหลากหลายเชื้อชาติ เธอบอกว่าเหมือนกับโฆษณาเบเนต็องเลย แต่พอถึงเวลาพักกลางวัน เด็กจะแยกเป็นกลุ่มๆ ตามสีผิว "พวกคนขาวอยู่ตรงดิสนีย์แลนด์ ตะวันออกกลางอยู่ตรงทางเดิน พวกลาตินอยู่ตรงโน้น" เด็กหญิงคนหนึ่งอธิบายตอนอินเทอร์เน็ตเกิดใหม่ๆ ใครๆ ก็คิดว่ามันจะนำมาซึ่งความเท่าเทียมกันของมนุษยชาติ หรือมีการ์ตูนที่โด่งดังสุดๆ ว่า ในอินเทอร์เน็ตไม่มีใครรู้ว่าคุณคือหมา แต่เรื่องจริงกลับไม่ใช่อย่างนั้น โลกออนไลน์ของวัยร่นอเมริกันเต็มไปด้วยความเหลื่อมล้ำ การแบ่งแยกทางเชือชาติ สีผิว และฐานะเวลาที่วัยรุ่นออนไลน์ พวกเขาเอาอัตลักษณ์ เพื่อน และเครือข่ายของพวกเขาไปด้วย โลกมันไม่นิรนามอย่างที่คิด นอกจากการเหยียดกันในโซเชียลมีเดียต่างๆ แล้ว บอยด์ยังได้ยกตัวอย่างคำพูดจากการสัมภาษณ์เด็กสาวผิวขาวจากไอโอวาคนหนึ่งที่เล่าว่าเธอรู้สึกอย่างไรกับคนดำที่ไม่รู้ทำไมจึงสร้างปัญหาในโรงเรียนอยู่ได้ครั้งหนึ่งบอยด์เจอลูกสาวของผู้เข้าร่วมสัมมนาในงานหนึ่ง บอยด์ไปคุยด้วยเพราะเบื่อการประชุม เลยเปิดเฟซบุ๊กของเด็กหญิงกัน แล้วเจอว่า แม้เธอจะมีเพื่อนทั้งโรงเรียนหลากหลาย แต่น่าสังเกตว่า ในรูปโปรไฟล์ มีแต่คนผิวขาวมาคอนเมนต์ในรูปคนขาว ในทางเดียวกับรูปของคนดำบอยด์ยังพบอีกว่า ในหมู่เด็กวัยรุ่นมีการแบ่งแยกสีผิวจากการใช้ Myspace กับ เฟซบุ๊กในช่วงของการเปลี่ยนผ่าน เฟซบุ๊กถูกมองว่าเป็นพื้นที่ของพวกคนขาว คนเก่ง คนฉลาด ในโรงเรียน ส่วนมายสเปซเป็นเหมือนสลัม เป็นที่รวมของพวกฮิปฮอป พวกชายขอบ เด็กหญิงวัย 14 ปีคนขาว ชนชั้นกลางคนหนึ่งบอกว่า มายสเปซคือพวกคนดำ ส่วนเฟซบุ๊กคือพวกคนขาว ขณะที่เฟซบุ๊กดูสะอาดสะอ้านเรียบง่าย มายสเปซกลับสกปรก เต็มไปด้วยการตกแต่งวับวาวจากพวกรูปกากเพชร การแบ่งแยกชนชั้นและสีผิวในโรงเรียน ปรากฎให้เห็นบนพื้นที่ออนไลน์ด้วยมีช่องว่างอื่นๆ อีก เช่น เด็กหลายคนมีแต่โทรศัพท์มือถือที่ต่อเน็ตได้ ไม่มีคอมพิวเตอร์ที่บ้าน ฉะนั้นเวลาต้องค้นอะไร เข้าเว็บไซต์ ก็ไม่สะดวกเท่ากันข้อเสนอที่เรามักพูดกันว่า วัยรุ่นเป็น digital native ส่วนผู้ใหญ่เป็น immigrant บอยด์บอกว่านี่นำมาซึ่งปัญหา เราคิดว่าวัยรุ่นมีความรู้ความเข้าใจและเท่าทันอินเทอร์เน็ต แต่ไม่ใช่อย่างนั้นหรอก บอยด์เจอทั้งเด็กที่เขียนโค้ดเป็น ไปจนถึงเด็กที่แยกไม่ออกระหว่างเบราว์เซอร์กับอินเทอร์เน็ต ความคิดแบบนี้ทำให้เราไม่หาทางทำให้วัยรุ่นป้องกันตัวเองเป็นบอยด์ยังมองว่า การที่ผู้ใหญ่เชื่อว่า กูเกิลเป็นเว็บที่ดี พูดอะไรก็ถูก สิ่งที่ขึ้นมาบนสุดของกูเกิลแปลว่าน่าเชื่อถือมาก มากกว่าวิกิพีเดียเป็นเรื่องน่าขัน แปลว่าไม่เข้าใจการทำงานของอัลกอริทึ่ม และธุรกิจของกูเกิลเลยโซเชียลมีเดียทำให้วัยรุ่นมีส่วนร่วม และสร้างสิ่งที่บอยด์เรียกว่า "networked publics" ผู้ใหญ่อาจจะใช้โลกออนไลน์เพื่อหนีอะไรบางอย่าง วัยรุ่นใช้มันเชื่อมโยงกับชุมชนของพวกเขา networked publics คือ พื้นที่สาธารณะที่เกิดจากการใช้เทคโนโลยีสร้างขึ้นมาใหม่ เป็นทั้งแง่ของพื้นที่ทางกายภาพและพื้นที่ใช้จินตนาการโซเชียลมีเดีย ก่อให้เกิดความท้าทายใหม่ๆ ต่อพื้นที่สาธารณะแบบเดิม คือ ความยืนยงของสิ่งที่แสดงออกและเนื้อหาออนไลน์ (ไม่หายไปไหน) การมองเห็นได้ (visibility) การแพร่กระจายได้ (spreadability) และการค้นได้ (searchability)ในครึ่งแรกของหนังสือ พยายามชี้ให้เห็นว่าวัยรุ่นใช้โซเชียลมีเดียอย่างไรบ้าง ส่วนครึ่งหลัง (ที่น่าเบื่อ) บอยด์พยายามพร่ำบอกพ่อแม่ทั้งหลายว่าคิดผิดอย่างไร ควรทำอย่างไร และย้ำให้เห็นตลอดเวลาว่าสิ่งที่เกืดขึ้นในโลกออนไลน์และการปฏิบัติตัวของวัยรุ่นในโซเชียลมีเดีย มันก็คือโลกที่เขาอยู่นั่นแหละ และผู้ใหญ่ก็มีส่วนสำคัญในการสร้างมันขึ้นถ้าไม่อยากซื้อ ก็ดาวน์โหลดหนังสือได้ที่รู้จักผู้เขียนได้ที่ในหนังสือมีพูดถึงกอฟฟ์แมน บูดิเยอร์ ฟูโกต์ ฯลฯ ---ป.ล. 1 ขอบพระคุณผู้แนะนำให้รู้จักกับ danah boyd ที่บอกว่า "เขาอายุพอๆ กับหญิงเลยยย" รู้สึกว่าจะห่างกัน 6-7 ปีอยู่นะเคอะะะป.ล. 2 พิมพ์แบบสรุปๆ ไว้ ก็เอาชนะความขี้เกียจมาได้เยอะมากกแล้วว ยังไม่ต้องคิดอารายต่อออ

  • Ilib4kids
    2019-05-15 10:23

    004.678083 BOYMy summary: Be stripped of ad-hoc physical interaction( not account school environment or structured out-school activities), Teens are drawn to social media to experience their public side of life, either by to be public or to be in public. Author try to depict the positive image of teens social usage. Although author make points of good parts of social network, such as technology simply mirrors and magnifies many aspects of everyday life, good and bad. But I agree with "App generation", it is often than not the current generations are more app-dependent than enabled if without good guidance. Even with good guidance, the temptations of internet is too great, as shown in books "Alone together" and "The shallow".Author answers these questions1 Identity: why do teens seem strange online'No, They are notacting strangely. Adults take the contents out of context. 2. Privacy: why do youth share so publiclyNo, they achieve privacy under the norm "Public default, privacy effort"3.Addiction: what make teens obsessed with social media.No, teens are stripped of opportunity to be physically together. So they used internet to connect each others.4.Danger: are sexual predators lurking everywhere?No.5 Bullying: is social media amplifying meanness and cruelty?No.6 Inequality can social media resolve social division?No. Social media enforce social division7 Literacy: are today's youth digital natives?No. Teens need to be educated.p10 affordance: The particular properties or characteristic of an environment Network publics affordance: persistence; visibility; spreadability; searchability.p8 Even though many of tools...are now passe, ..Chatting and socializing, engaging in self-expression, grappling with privacy, and sharing media and information are here to stay. -- my words: the core of social network.p12In networked publics, interactions are often public by default, private through effort.p14 Whereas teens are focused on what is means to be in public, adults are more focused on what means to be networked.p15 technological determinism vs. social constructivismterms1. 69 is often used in teen circles as a crass reference to simultaneous oral sex between two partners. p2262. subtweeting: refer to practice of encoding tweets to rend them meaningless to clueless outsiders.1 Identity: why do teens seem strange onlinep53 Teens are struggling to make sense of who they are and how they fit into society in an environment in which contexts are networked and collapsed, audience are invisible, and anything they say or do can easily be taken out of context. They are grappling with battles that adults face, but they are doing so while under constant surveillance and without a firm grasp of who they are. In short, they're navigating one heck of a culture labyrinth.My summary: beware of context collapse,simply meaning contents taking out of its own context.2. Privacy: why do youth share so publiclyp56 most adults, seek privacy, they do so in relation to those who hold power over them. Unlike privacy advocates and more politically conscious adult, teen trying to avoid surveillance from parents, teachers...My summary: teens expect "civil inattention" from their invading parents because their intention audience is their friend. but parents do not think so. Teens do want to hide, they want privacy. I am not sure how teens achieve privacy, considering what they share is public. it is social etiquette.p60 Public discourse around privacy often centers on hiking or opting out of public environment, whereas scholars and engineers often more on controlling the flow of information,..but as philosopher Helen Nissenbaum astutely notes, privacy is always rooted in context.Public by default, private through effort: social norm on internt. p62 Rather than asking themselves if the information to be shared is significant enough to be broadly publicized, they question whether it is intimate enough to require special attention. In other word,, when participating in networked publics, many participants embrace a widespread public-by-default, private-through-effort mentality.p74 Whether privacy is a "right" that children can or cannot have, or a privilege the teens must earn, adult surveillance shapes teens' understand of-and experience with- privacy. When parents choose to hover, lurk, and track in these act of love but fail to realize how surveillance is a from of oppression that limits teens' ability to make independent choices. Regardless of how they explicitly choose to respond to it, teens are configured by surveillance that they experience. It shapes their understanding of social context and undermine their agency, challenging their ability to control the social situation meaningfully. As a result, what teens' do to achieve privacy often look quite different than that most adults would expert as appropriate tactics. Teens assume that they are being watched, and so they try to find privacy within public setting, rather than in opposition to public-ness p76 Privacy is not a static construct. It is not an inherent property of any particular information or setting. It is a process by which people seek to have control over a social situation by managing impression, information flows, and context. Cynics often suggest that only people who have something to hide need privacy. But this argument is distraction. Privacy is valuable because it is critical for personal development. -- (my words: I agree. Privacy is important, not because we have something to hide, because we need space to meditate.)...Rather than finding privacy by controlling access to content, many teens are instead controlling access to meaning.(e.g. subtweeting..)... Privacy doesn't just depend on agency; being able to achieve privacy is an expression of agency.3.Addiction: what make teens obsessed with social media.4.Danger: are sexual predators lurking everywhere?p127 Through social media, teenagers have created digital streets that help define the networked pubic in which they gather. In an effort to address online safety concerns, most adults respond by trying to quarantine youth from adults, limit teens' engagement online, or track teens' every move. ....We need concerned adults and young people to open their eyes on the digital street and reach out to those who are struggling. And we need to address the underlying issues that are at the crux of risky behaviors rather than propagate distracting myth.5 Bullying: is social media amplifying meanness and cruelty?p131 in 1970, Olweus narrowed in one 3 components of bully: aggression, repetition and imbalance in power.6 Inequality can social media resolve social division?p164 Linguist Penelope Eckert argued that schools are organized by social categories that appear on the surface to be about activities but in practice are actually about race and class...... As a result of norms and existing networks, the sports teams in many schools I visited had become implicitly coded and culturally divided by race. Many teens are reticent to challenge the status quo.p166 Sociologists refer to the practice of connecting with like-minded individuals as homophily. Studies have accounts for homophily in sex and gender, age, religion, education level and social class. But nowhere is homophily more strong visible in the United states than in the divides along racial and ethnic lines.p166 Although the technology makes it possible in principle to socialize with anyone online, in practice, teens connect to the people that they know and with whom hey have the most in common.p167 -170 MySpace vs. Facebook. MySpace : Black and Latino. Twitter as Black Twitter.p173 The transformative potential of internet to restructure social networks in order to reduce structural inequality rests heavily on people's ability to leverage it to make new connections.This is not how youth use social media.. Not only are today's teens reproducing social dynamics online, but they are also heavily discouraged from building new connections that would diversity their worldviews.Some of My Best Friends Are Black: The Strange Story of Integration in America By Colby, Tanner /305.896073 COL How to Be Black By Thurston, Baratunde/305.896073 THU (eAudio)7 Literacy: are today's youth digital nativesp180-p181 Summary of media literacy: Being critical of the content they consume. It is the skills to ask question about construction and dissemination of particular media artifacts. What biases are embedded in the artifact? How did the creator intend for the audience to interpret that artifact, and what are the consequence of the interpretation...(Teens) need to know how to grapple with the plethora of information that is easily accessible and rarely vetted.p183 The politics of algorithms: search engine optimizationp190 Although many people believe that winner gets to control the narrative, accounts also diverge when conflicting stories don't need to be resolved. more about British and American see American Revolution on page 190-1918 Searching for a public of their own.p228 Natalya N. Bazarova argues that the seeming mundane messages that are the stock and trade of social media interaction are actually essential for relational maintenance within these media.Essays and articles:Langdon Winner, “Do Artifacts Have Politics?”How Texas Inflicts Bad Textbooks on Us by Gail CollinsDiscipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison by Michel Foucault /365.643 FOU 1995Sticks and Stones: Defeating the Culture of Bullying and Rediscovering the Power of Character and Empathy/302.343 BAZ CD 302.343 BAZThe Googlization of Everything: by Siva VaidhyanathanThe Filter Bubble: What the Internet is Hiding From Youby Pariser, Eli/025.04 PAR/CD 025.04 PARInformation age trilogy: The Rise of the Network Society,The Power of Identity ,End of Millennium By Castells, Manuel